Analysis of Unmanned Plane Programs for Dwell Monitoring to Improve Situational Consciousness Throughout an Plane Rescue and Firefighting Respons

DOT/FAA/TC-22/29 Authors: Jonathan Sheairs, Garrison Canter, and Jack Kreckie

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Airport Expertise Analysis and Growth Department carried out a analysis effort to discover using small unmanned plane programs (UASs) to enhance the situational consciousness and effectiveness of plane rescue and firefighting (ARFF) personnel when monitoring the response to an ongoing ARFF accident/incident. The aim of this effort was to develop minimal really useful efficiency specs and technical/operational issues for using UAS to help ARFF response.

This analysis effort was carried out in three phases. The primary two phases consisted of testing of varied UASs and sensor payloads at Atlantic Metropolis Worldwide Airport to develop preliminary minimal efficiency specs and finest practices for use UASs throughout an ARFF response. Part 1 consisted of daylight testing, whereas Part 2 consisted of daylight, twilight, and nighttime testing. The third section was carried out at Dallas/Fort Price Worldwide Airport’s Fireplace Coaching Analysis Heart along with two of their Superior Methods and Ways for Aviation Incidents courses. Throughout Part 3, UASs had been flown throughout live-fire coaching workout routines whereas offering responders with the dwell payload feed to guage the advantages and limitations of UASs and validate the really useful efficiency specs and technical/operational issues for use UASs throughout an ARFF response.

This report gives a complete abstract of the testing carried out and really useful UAS platform and payload specs. Primarily based on evaluation of footage and suggestions collected throughout testing, UASs outfitted with thermal and visible cameras had been discovered to supply a major situational consciousness profit to incident commanders in quite a lot of ARFF response eventualities. FAA researchers set minimal efficiency specs, together with minimal live-streamed video resolutions of 1280 horizontal pixels x 720 vertical pixels (720p) for visible cameras and 640 horizontal pixels x 512 vertical pixels for thermal cameras.

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