Cisco DNA Heart and Machine configuration administration


In my conversations with prospects and companions, there are two matters which might be totally different however considerably associated: compliance and gadget configuration administration.  In my newest weblog, “Compliant or not? Cisco DNA Heart will assist you to determine this out”, we mentioned compliance capabilities in Cisco DNA Heart 2.3.3.  On this weblog, I’ll tackle gadget configuration administration.

Let me begin by saying that DNA Heart all the time has the most recent gadget configuration in its inside databases. This has all the time been the case. The configuration of a tool is first collected and saved when the gadget is added to the stock, it’s then up to date by periodic triggers in addition to event-based triggers. Occasion-based triggers occur when there’s a change within the configuration. DNA Heart makes use of these up-to-date configurations for all its capabilities together with, however not restricted to, assurance, gadget substitute, and compliance. Community directors also can leverage these configurations so, on this weblog, we are going to discover other ways to entry them.

Visualize Configuration in Stock

For sure gadget varieties, like switches, DNA Heart has the choice to indicate and export the complete gadget configuration. This enables the community administrator to have fast visibility into the configuration. For safety causes, delicate information is masked which signifies that we are able to’t immediately use this gadget config to revive a tool.

Configuration Visualization in Inventory
Determine 1: Configuration Visualization in Stock: delicate information is masked

Export the gadget configuration

Configuration archive is the DNA Heart function that permits community directors to export uncooked configurations to an exterior server. Uncooked configurations are helpful to revive a tool for instance.

Configuration Archive
Determine 2: Configuration Archive: exporting uncooked configurations to an exterior server

Machine configuration backup will be scheduled with the specified recurrence and the configurations are despatched to an exterior server. For every configuration backup, DNA Heart creates a password-protected zip file. This zip file comprises one listing per gadget and every listing comprises three recordsdata: running-config, startup-config, and VLAN database.

Password-protected zip file
Determine 3: Password-protected zip file

 

Running, Startup configs and VLAN DB
Determine 4: One listing per gadget containing operating config, startup configs and VLAN DB

APIs to retrieve gadget configuration

One other strategy to entry the clear textual content gadget configurations is by way of APIs. The API obtainable in Cisco DNA Heart permits to retrieve uncooked startup, operating configs, and VLAN DB within the type of a zipper file in an analogous approach because the configuration archive functionality.

API particulars:

POST /network-device-archive/cleartext

Visualize Configuration Drifts

Arguably, I’m leaving probably the most fascinating functionality for final!

At the start of the weblog, we talked about that DNA Heart shops the gadget configuration and updates the configurations periodically and upon adjustments. Each time there’s a change within the configuration, DNA Heart will retailer and timestamp this new configuration for a most of fifty. We name these configurations config drifts. Furthermore, DNA Heart can present variations between these saved configurations to assist the community administrator establish any adjustments. For out-of-band adjustments, Config Drift instrument may also present the username of the individual that made the change.

Within the instance under, we’re evaluating two configurations taken on September 2nd, 2022, one at 1:56pm and the opposite at 2:57pm. We will see within the latter, {that a} “description” command was faraway from “interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/10”. As soon as we establish these adjustments within the operating configuration, the community administrator can take particular actions to remediate the difficulty. For instance, the gadget will be re-provisioned.

Config Drift
Determine 5: Config Drift

We will additionally establish and label a particular configuration that we deem “commonplace”. That approach, it is going to be simpler to check the present operating configuration with the chosen labeled configuration.

Within the instance under, we are going to first choose the popular configuration and identify it with the label of our alternative, on this case, “TBRANCH-Std-Config“:

Label Config
Determine 6: Label Config

As soon as we label our commonplace configuration, we are able to then examine it to the present configuration. On this instance, the present operating configuration is recognized as “September 2nd at 3:10pm”. On this case, each operating configuration and commonplace configurations match.

Comparing running-config to labeled config
Determine 7: Evaluating running-config to labeled config

Have you ever tried these capabilities?

Are there some other matters you’d wish to see in these blogs?

Let me know within the feedback under.

 

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