Prime 70+ Cloud Computing Interview Questions & Solutions 2022


cloud computing interview questions

Planning to have a profession in Cloud? Why shouldn’t you? It’s the most in-demand career in at the moment’s time, in spite of everything. The Cloud computing {industry} is predicted to be valued at $800 billion by 2025, making it probably the most profitable professions. With a powerful basis and hands-on expertise, there’s a excessive probability of touchdown a high-paying job in your dream firm. And there are lots of alternatives on this {industry}, resembling cloud administrator, cloud developer, cloud engineer, cloud architect, cloud safety skilled, and lots of extra. Study how one can crack the interview in a single go along with our compiled listing of cloud computing interview questions. However first, allow us to reply among the regularly requested questions.

With tons of individuals actively utilizing Cloud Companies in 2022, Cloud Computing has grow to be extra in style. Cloud computing professionals are in-demand as most organizations use Cloud Computing to retailer their enterprise information. This text on cloud computing interview questions might help early professionals put together for his or her interviews and familiarise themselves with the fundamental ideas of cloud know-how.

Let’s get began!

With an unfathomable quantity of knowledge, it turns into cumbersome for industries to handle their information. Thus, Cloud Computing is just like the straw to the drowning industries within the ocean of knowledge. Amazon, Microsoft, Deloitte, and Lockheed Martin, are among the many high recruiters for cloud computing professionals.

This cloud computing interview query contains Inexperienced persons and advanced-level questions. 

Cloud Computing Interview Questions for Freshers

This can be a set of questions particularly designed for folk which might be simply starting their profession within the cloud. It is going to begin with primary questions so that you can choose up the tempo slowly earlier than transferring ahead to the intermediate questions.

1. What’s Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing is an on-demand availability of laptop system assets that makes use of the clouds to supply the companies when the consumer wants them. It additionally helps the customers avail of a extra in depth community of world internet servers. 

It is because it’s seen the quickest adoption into the mainstream than the opposite know-how inside the area. This adoption has been fueled primarily by the ever-increasing variety of smartphones and cell units which can entry the online.

Cloud computing isn’t only for organizations and companies; it’s additionally helpful for the usual individual. It allows us to run software program applications with out putting in them on our computer systems and retailer and entry our multimedia content material on-line. Pooled computing assets obtainable by way of cloud computing have super advantages to enterprise organizations.

Study the fundamentals of Cloud Computing with this Cloud Foundations Course.

Cloud computing examples are: 

  • Software program-as-a-Service (SaaS): Salesforce
  • Infrastructure-as-a-Service (SaaS): DigitalOcean
  • Platform-as-a-Service (SaaS): AWS
  • File Sharing + Information Storage: Dropbox
  • Huge Information Evaluation: Civis Analytics
  • Information Governance: Carbonite
  • Cybersecurity: Forcepoint

2. What are the advantages of Cloud Computing?

There are a lot of advantages of cloud computing, a few of that are:

benefits of cloud computing

Effectivity; Effectivity in enterprise operations is achieved within the following methods by way of the utilization of cloud computing: 

Accessibility; Cloud computing facilitates the entry of functions and information from any location worldwide and any system with a web-based connection. 

Price financial savings; Cloud computing over companies with scalable computing assets therefore saving them on the value of buying and sustaining them. These assets are bought on a pay-as-you-go foundation, suggesting companies pay only for the assets they use. This has confirmed to be cheaper than buying the assets independently. 

Safety; Cloud suppliers, particularly these personal cloud companies, have strived to implement essentially the most easy safety requirements and procedures to protect shoppers’ information saved inside the cloud. 

Catastrophe restoration; Cloud computing is the one environment friendly means for small, medium, and even giant enterprises to again up and restore their information and functions shortly and safely. 

Flexibility and Elevated collaboration; with cloud computing capabilities, people from completely different locations can collaborate on enterprise tasks with out essentially having to fulfill them. 

3. What’s the cloud?

The cloud contains servers and a mixture of networks, storage, service, and {hardware} that assist firms lower your expenses and comfort for customers.

Cloud is basically a collection of servers that could be accessed by way of the online, and all one piece of knowledge is saved on bodily servers in data facilities. Intrinsically by cloud computing, we are able to entry the bodily servers and run laptop code functions on their machines.

Cloud permits customers to entry computing companies from any system because of the computing and storage going down on servers all through a information Centre as an alternative of regionally on the consumer system.

Examples embrace cloud e-mail suppliers like Gmail and Microsoft 365 and cloud storage suppliers like Dropbox or Google Drive. IT enterprise has shifted to cloud computing intrinsically it removes the costs and burden of change and upkeep of servers, because the cloud vendor can take note of this.

4. What are the completely different information varieties utilized in cloud computing?

The varied cloud information varieties embrace – emails, textual content, Boolean, decimal, locale, quantity, date, photos, contacts, and many others. As we all know that information is rising day-to-day, so it’s wanted for brand spanking new information varieties to retailer these new information. For instance, if you wish to retailer video, you want a brand new information sort.

5. What are the completely different layers that outline cloud structure?

The 4 layers of the Cloud

  • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS)
  • Software program as a Service (SaaS)
  • Perform as a service (FaaS)

6. How will you describe Cloud Computing as concisely and easily to a Layman?

Regardless that this would possibly sound like a basic query, this was requested in one of many interviews. (source- Quora)

Now, you should use easy phrases whereas answering this query. Using technical phrases isn’t suggested. In cloud computing, ‘cloud’ refers back to the web metaphorically. So cloud computing is a technique the place the web acts because the gasoline to computing companies, and also you can now use the word- Web-based computing. 

7. Give the very best instance of open supply Cloud Computing.

Opensupply cloud is a cloud service or answer constructed utilizing opensupply software program and applied sciences. This consists of any public, personal or hybrid cloud mannequin offering SaaS, IaaS, PaaS, or XaaS constructed and operated completely on opensupply applied sciences.
One of the best instance of open supply Cloud Computing is OpenStack.

This is without doubt one of the most regularly requested cloud computing interview questions.

Cloud computing lets us retailer and entry our functions or information over distant computer systems as an alternative of our laptop. To begin with, the cloud is only a metaphor for know-how. Cloud information facilities could be anyplace globally; we are able to additionally entry them from anyplace with an Web-connected system. It has the next advantages as given under:

  1. Pay-per-use mannequin: We solely must pay for the companies we use.
  2. 24/7 Availability: It’s all the time on-line! There isn’t a such time if you merely can not use our cloud service; you’ll use it everytime you need.
  3. Simply Scalable: it’s easy to proportion and down or flip off as per prospects’ wants. As an example, in case your web site’s site visitors will increase solely on Friday nights, you’ll be able to go for scaling up your servers that specific day after which cutting down for the remainder of the week.
  4. Safety: Cloud computing provides glorious information safety. Particularly if the information is mission-critical, then that information might be wiped off from native drives and stored on the cloud solely to your entry to cease it from ending up within the unsuitable arms.
  5. Simply Manageable: You solely must pay subscription charges; the Cloud Supplier completely maintains all upkeep, up-gradation, and supply of companies. That is backed by the Service-level Settlement (SLA).

Cloud Computing Examples

Additional, numerous locations the place Cloud Computing is utilized as given under:

Huge Information Analytics: Cloud computing helps companies retailer and analyze many structured, semi-structured, and unstructured information to search out underlying relationships. It analyzes buyer shopping for patterns and makes use of them for advertising and promoting campaigns.

File Storage: an important benefit of cloud storage is that it’s nearly limitless. Cloud storage might be obtainable for practically an equal or possibly a lesser value, which is 10 instances fairly your native storage.

Backup: Backup usually requires a storage unit the place the information is safe and infinite storage is supplied. Each might be achieved by utilizing Cloud Computing.

8. What are system integrators in cloud computing?

System Integrators emerged on the scene in 2006. System integration brings collectively system parts into an entire and ensures that the system performs easily.
An individual or firm specializing in system integration is named a system integrator.

9. Checklist the platforms that are used for large-scale cloud computing.

The well timed processing of huge digital collections calls for large-scale distributed computing assets and the flexibleness to customise the processing carried out on the collections.
The platforms which might be used for large-scale cloud computing are:

10. Point out the various kinds of fashions used for deployment in cloud computing.

You want the proper cloud deployment mannequin that will help you acquire a aggressive edge out there. You should have entry to IT assets and companies that may make your small business versatile and agile, each regarding quantity and scale.
The completely different deployment fashions in cloud computing are

Non-public Cloud
Public Cloud
Group Cloud
Hybrid Cloud

11. What’s SaaS (software program as a service)?

Software program as a service (SaaS) is a software program distribution mannequin during which a third-party supplier hosts functions and makes them obtainable to their prospects over the Web. SaaS is certainly one of three foremost classes of cloud computing, alongside infrastructure as a service (IaaS) and platform as a service (PaaS).

12. What’s a Non-public Cloud?

A non-public cloud delivers comparable benefits to public cloud-like scalability and self-service. Within the personal cloud, that is accomplished utilizing a proprietary structure, and personal clouds give attention to the wants and calls for of a single group.
In consequence, the personal cloud is greatest for companies with dynamic or unpredictable computing wants that require direct management over their environments. Safety, governance, and regulation are greatest suited to personal cloud companies.
Non-public clouds are used to maintain strategic operations and others safe. It’s a full platform that’s totally practical and might be owned, operated, and restricted to solely a company or an {industry}. These days, most organizations have moved to personal clouds as a consequence of safety issues, and a internet hosting firm is utilizing a digital personal cloud.

This is without doubt one of the most regularly requested cloud computing interview questions.

Learn Extra: Public Vs. Non-public Vs. Hybrid

13. What’s the Public Cloud?

The first goal is to ship web companies, whether or not a public or personal cloud. Not like a personal cloud, public cloud companies are third-party functions that can be utilized by anyone who needs to entry them. The service could also be free or offered on demand.
Public clouds are open to individuals to be used and deployment. For instance, Google and Amazon, and many others. The general public clouds give attention to a number of layers like cloud utility, offering infrastructure, and offering platform markets.

14. What are Hybrid Clouds?

A hybrid cloud is a cloud computing surroundings the place we are able to use the companies obtainable domestically and use third-party personal and public companies to fulfill the demand. By permitting workloads to maneuver between personal and public clouds as computing wants and prices change, a hybrid cloud offers companies larger flexibility and extra information deployment choices.

Hybrid clouds are a mixture of public clouds and personal clouds. It’s most popular over each clouds as a result of it applies essentially the most strong method to implementing cloud structure. It consists of the functionalities and options of each worlds. It permits organizations to create their cloud and provides management over another person as properly.

15. What’s the distinction between cloud computing and cell computing?

Cloud Computing is if you retailer your recordsdata and folders in a “cloud” on the Web. This may enable you to entry all of your recordsdata and folders wherever you might be on this planet– however you do want a bodily system with Web entry.

Cellular computing is taking a bodily system with you, and this may very well be a laptop computer or cell phone, or some system. Cellular computing and cloud computing are considerably analogous, and cell computing makes use of the idea of cloud computing. Cloud computing offers customers with the information they require. In distinction, functions run on the distant server in cell computing and provides the consumer entry to storage and managing the information.

16. What’s the distinction between Scalability and Elasticity?

Scalability is a attribute of cloud computing that is used to deal with the rising workload by rising the proportion of useful resource capability. By utilizing scalability, the structure offers on-demand assets if the site visitors is elevating the requirement.

Elasticity is a attribute that dynamically offers the idea of commissioning and decommissioning a considerable amount of useful resource capability. It’s measured by the velocity at which the assets are on demand and the utilization of the assets.

17. What are the safety advantages of cloud computing?

Full safety towards DDoS: Distributed Denial of Service assaults have grow to be quite common and are attacking the cloud information of firms. So cloud computing safety ensures proscribing site visitors to the server, and site visitors that may threaten the corporate and its information is thus averted.

Information safety: As information develops, information breaching turns into a big subject, and the servers grow to be mushy targets. The safety answer of cloud information helps defend delicate data and helps the information keep safe towards a 3rd social gathering.

Flexibility function: Cloud provides flexibility, and this makes it in style. The consumer has the flexibleness to keep away from server crashing in case of extra site visitors. When the excessive site visitors is over, the consumer can reduce to cut back the fee.
Cloud computing authorizes the appliance server, which is utilized in identification administration. It offers permissions to the customers to manage the entry of one other consumer who’s getting into the cloud surroundings.

18. What’s the utilization of utility computing?

Utility computing, or The Laptop Utility, is a service provisioning mannequin. A service supplier makes computing assets and infrastructure administration obtainable to the shopper and expenses them for particular utilization fairly than a flat fee.
Utility computing is a plug-in managed by a company that decides what sort of cloud service must be deployed. It facilitates customers to pay just for what they use.

19. Clarify safety administration concerning Cloud Computing.

  • Identification administration entry offers the authorization of utility companies.
  • Entry management permission is given to the customers to have full controlling entry to a different consumer who’s getting into into the cloud surroundings.
  • Authentication and Authorization present entry to licensed and authenticated customers solely to entry the information and functions.

20. How would you safe information for transport within the cloud?

This can be a regularly requested query. Don’t overlook to dive in additional in-depth on this matter.
When transporting information in a cloud computing surroundings, hold two issues in thoughts: Be sure that nobody can intercept your information because it strikes from level A to level B within the cloud, and guarantee that no information leaks (malicious or in any other case) from any storage within the cloud.

A digital personal community (VPN) is one approach to safe information whereas transported in a cloud. A VPN converts the general public community to a personal community as an alternative. A well-designed VPN will incorporate two issues:

  • A firewall might be a barrier between the general public and any personal community.
  • Encryption protects your delicate information from hackers; solely the pc you ship it to ought to have the important thing to decode the information.
  • Test that there isn’t a information leak with the encryption key carried out with the information you ship whereas transferring from level A to level B in a cloud.

This is without doubt one of the most regularly requested cloud computing interview questions.

21. What are some giant cloud suppliers and databases?

Following are essentially the most used giant cloud suppliers and databases:

  • Google BigTable
  • Amazon SimpleDB
  • Cloud-based SQL

22. Checklist the open-source cloud computing platform databases?

Following are the open-source cloud computing platform databases:

23. Clarify the complete kind and utilization of “EUCALYPTUS” in cloud computing.

“EUCALYPTUS” stands for Elastic Utility Computing Structure for Linking Your Applications to Helpful Techniques.

Eucalyptus is an open-source software program infrastructure in cloud computing, enabling us to implement clusters within the cloud computing platform. The primary utility of eucalyptus is to construct public, hybrid, and personal clouds. Utilizing this, you’ll be able to produce your personalised information middle into a personal cloud and leverage it for numerous different organizations to take advantage of out of it and use the functionalities provided by eucalyptus.

24. Clarify the Public, Static, and Void courses.

Public: That is an entry modifier, and it is used to specify who can entry a selected methodology. If you say public, the tactic is accessible to any given class.

Static: This key phrase in Java tells us that it’s class-based, which implies it may be accessed with out creating the occasion of any explicit class.

Void: Void defines a way that doesn’t return any worth. So that is the return-related methodology.

25. Checklist down the three crucial functioning clouds in cloud computing.

  • Skilled cloud
  • Private cloud
  • Efficiency cloud

26. What are the constructing blocks in cloud structure?

  • Reference Structure
  • Technical structure
  • Deployment operation structure
  • Reference Structure
  • Technical structure
  • Deployment operation structure

27. What do you imply by CaaS?

CaaS is a terminology used within the telecom {industry} as Communication As a Service. CaaS provides enterprise consumer options resembling desktop name management, unified messaging, and desktop faxing.

28. What are the benefits of cloud companies?

Following are the primary benefits of cloud companies:

  • Price-saving: It helps within the utilization of funding within the company sector. So, it’s cost-saving.
  • Scalable and Sturdy: It helps in growing scalable and strong functions. Beforehand, the scaling took months, however now, scaling takes much less time.
  • Time-saving: It helps in saving time concerning deployment and upkeep.

29. Earlier than going for a cloud computing platform, what are the important issues to be taken into concern by customers?

  • Compliance
  • Lack of information
  • Information storage
  • Enterprise continuity
  • Uptime
  • Information integrity in cloud computing

30. Give A Transient Introduction To Home windows Azure Working System.

The Home windows Azure working system is used for cloud companies to be run on the Home windows Azure Platform. Azure is most popular because it consists of the important options for internet hosting all of the companies within the cloud. You additionally get a runtime surroundings consisting of a Net Server, Main Storage, Administration companies, and cargo balancers. The Home windows Azure system offers the material for growing and testing companies earlier than their deployment on the Home windows Azure within the cloud.

31. Point out About The Prime Cloud Purposes These days?

Prime cloud computing functions embrace Google docs that are very quick and safe. There may be additionally a cell model of google docs to entry your information from a smartphone. Pixlr and Phoenix, jaycut are also functions used for cloud computing.
Now, if you wish to know extra, you’ll be able to enroll in our cloud computing course- with coaching from {industry} professionals, use circumstances, and hands-on tasks.

Take a look at the PGP-Cloud Computing program by Nice Studying; with 3 Million+ hours of studying delivered, 5000+ alumni, 300+ {industry} consultants, and eight top-ranked applications, Nice Studying is among the many top-ranked establishment for analytics.
Get in contact with us for additional particulars, and don’t overlook to say your questions within the feedback part. We will get again to you with essentially the most industry-relevant reply.

This is without doubt one of the most regularly requested cloud computing interview questions

Superior Cloud Computing Interview Questions

We have now compiled the questions under, protecting in thoughts the concept that you could be already be a cloud skilled or might have already got a primary understanding of cloud computing. So, let’s get began and take a look on the superior cloud computing interview questions that may assist you crack the interview.

32. What’s a hypervisor in Cloud Computing?

It’s a digital machine display screen that may logically handle assets for digital machines. It allocates, partitions, isolates, or modifications this system given as a virtualization hypervisor. {Hardware} hypervisor permits having a number of visitor Working Techniques working on a single host system concurrently.

It’s also referred to as Digital Machine Supervisor. There are two varieties of hypervisors as outlined under:

Sort 1: The visitor Vm runs straight over the host {hardware}, e.g., Citrix XenServer and VMware ESXi.

Sort 2: The visitor Vm runs over {hardware} by way of a number OS, e.g., oracle digital field, Vmware Participant.

Sort 1 Hypervisor works significantly better than Sort 2 as a result of there isn’t a underlying middleware and thus making the very best surroundings for important functions and workloads. To check the efficiency metrics, we have to decide the CPU overhead, the quantity of most host and visitor reminiscence, and help for digital processors.

33. Why is cloud computing the longer term?

Contemplating the assorted advantages of cloud computing to organizations, a very good case is that cloud computing is more and more changing into the brand new regular. Cloud computing helps society cope with future issues like managing huge information, cyber safety, and inner management.

Along with the current, rising applied sciences like AI, distributed ledger know-how, and lots of different capabilities are getting obtainable by way of cloud computing. Consequently, these applied sciences adapt to diversified platforms like cell units, rising their use.

Improvements supported cloud computing, like cloud automation. Subsequently, the Business cloud can be being developed to combine cloud computing into particular industrial actions, making numerous operations much more streamlined. The decision for cloud computing is that it’s a transitional know-how that has helped organizations in a number of jurisdictions ship their services higher than earlier than.

34. What are the cons of cloud computing?

Cloud computing refers to an open house of data know-how (IT) that touches on the next areas: We will start with a primary assumption: you don’t need a diploma or a computing or laptop engineering diploma to look out cloud computing.

You’ll start studying cloud computing from scratch, albeit you could have primary IT expertise.

You might must study quite a lot of the preliminary concepts and the way these concepts relate to one another. Then get some energetic apply, significantly in fixing points. Each know-how has constructive and adverse points which might be important to be talked about earlier than implementing it.

The factors above spotlight the benefits of exploiting cloud know-how, and so the next dialogue can outline the potential cons of Cloud Computing.

Vulnerability to assaults: Storing data inside the cloud would possibly trigger critical challenges {of knowledge of data} thievery since, inside the cloud, every information of a company is on-line. A safety breach is one thing that even the one organizations have suffered from, and it’s a possible threat contained in the cloud conjointly .although superior safety measures are deployed on the cloud, nonetheless storing confidential data contained in the cloud is often a dangerous affair.

Community property dependency: Cloud Computing is completely enthusiastic in regards to the internet. This direct tie-up with the web signifies that a company ought to have dependable and constant internet service conjointly as a quick affiliation and knowledge measure to reap the benefits.

Downtime: Time is taken into account the one important potential draw back of exploiting Cloud Computing. The cloud suppliers would possibly usually face technical outages, which could owe diversified causes, like lack of energy, low internet property, data facilities going out of service for upkeep, and many others., which may trigger a quick time contained in the cloud service.

Vendor lock-in: As soon as wanted emigrate from one cloud platform to a definite one, a company may face some critical challenges due to the variations between vendor platforms. Internet hosting and working the functions of this cloud platform on one other platform would possibly trigger help issues, configuration complexities, and extra bills.

The company data would possibly boot be left liable to safety assaults as a consequence of compromises created all through migrations.

Restricted administration: Cloud prospects would possibly face restricted management over their deployments. Cloud companies run on distant servers which might be intently held and managed by service suppliers, making it arduous for companies to own the extent of administration.

This is without doubt one of the most regularly requested cloud computing interview questions

35. What are the disadvantages of the SaaS cloud computing layer?

1) Safety

Information is saved within the cloud, so safety could also be a problem for some customers. Nevertheless, cloud computing isn’t safer than in-house deployment.

2) Latency subject

Since information and functions are saved within the cloud at a variable distance from the end-user, there’s a chance that there could also be extra vital latency when interacting with the appliance in comparison with native deployment. Subsequently, the SaaS mannequin isn’t appropriate for functions whose demand response time is milliseconds.

3) Whole Dependency on the Web

With out an web connection, most SaaS functions should not usable.

4) Switching between SaaS distributors is troublesome

Switching SaaS distributors entails the sluggish and difficult job of transferring huge information recordsdata over the web after which changing and importing them into one other SaaS.

36. What’s IaaS in Cloud Computing?

IaaS, i.e., Infrastructure as a Service, often known as {Hardware} as a Service. Organizations often give their IT infrastructures resembling servers, processing, storage, digital machines, and different assets on this mannequin sort. Clients can entry the assets in a short time on the web utilizing the on-demand pay mannequin.

Take up IaaS for cloud computing course and perceive extra about these clouds and their specs.

The Iaas platform eliminates the necessity for each group to take care of its IT infrastructure.

IaaS is split into three points: public, personal, and hybrid. The personal cloud can provide that infrastructure that resides on the buyer finish. In distinction, the general public cloud is situated on the cloud computing information Centre finish, and the hybrid cloud is a mixture of each private and non-private clouds.

IaaS offers us with numerous companies, that are listed under:

Compute: Computing numerous companies, together with digital CPUs, Digital foremost reminiscence for digital machines on the consumer finish.

Storage: IaaS supplier offers back-end help for storage for storing recordsdata.

Community: Community as a Service offers networking parts resembling routers, switches, and bridges for digital machines.

Load Balancers: It offers load balancing on the infrastructure layer.

Benefits of IaaS in Cloud Computing:

  • Shared Infrastructure
  • IaaS offers shared customers to share the identical bodily infrastructure.
  • Net Entry to the assets
  • IaaS permits IT customers to entry assets over the web.
  • On-demand as per utilization mannequin
  • Iaas suppliers present companies solely as a shoppers pay-as-you-go mannequin.
  • Enterprise mannequin focus
  • Iaas Suppliers give enterprise core group focus fairly than IT infra.
  • Replace variations of the Software program
  • There may be the scalability of companies supplied as there isn’t a downside with software program upgrades and troubleshooting points associated to IT infrastructure.

Disadvantages of IaaS in Cloud Computing

  • Safety
  • Safety is the primary concern in IaaS as it isn’t 100percent positive.
  • Upkeep and up gradation
  • Though IaaS suppliers preserve the software program however not for all.
  • Interoperability points
  • It’s troublesome emigrate Digital Machine kind one IaaS supplier to a different, so prospects expertise downside associated to vendor lock.
  • Most important Iaas Cloud Service suppliers are Amazon Net Companies, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform and many others.

This is without doubt one of the most regularly requested cloud computing interview questions.

37. What’s PaaS in Cloud Computing?

Platform as Service, abbreviated as PaaS, is the runtime surroundings for builders to create, check, run and debug internet functions. We will simply purchase these internet functions from the cloud service supplier on a pay-as-you-go foundation and entry them simply utilizing the web. There may be again scalability that the cloud service supplier manages, so finish customers don’t want to fret about managing the infrastructure.

PaaS consists of infrastructure, servers, storage and networking, platform-middleware, improvement instruments, database administration methods, and enterprise intelligence to help the online utility life cycle.

PaaS suppliers help programming languages, Utility frameworks, Databases, and different instruments.

Benefits of PaaS in cloud computing

  • Easy Growth: Paas permits builders to give attention to improvement and innovation with out worrying about infrastructure administration.
  • Decrease Danger: No want for funding in {hardware} gear and software program.
  • Prebuilt enterprise performance: Some Paas Suppliers have a prebuilt framework in order that customers don’t must construct every thing from scratch and might straight begin tasks.
  • Immediate Group: PaaS distributors have a neighborhood the place builders can share experiences.
  • Scalability: Purposes deployed can scale with one consumer

Disadvantages of PaaS in Cloud Computing

Vendor lock-in: Growth in line with the actual vendor might be straightforward, however migration to a different cloud supplier generally is a downside.

Information privateness: Company information, whether or not might be important or not, will all the time be personal, and it ought to all the time be an insecure surroundings.

Synchronization of system functions: We have now built-in many functions with native and on the cloud, so there’s the issue of elevated complexity when mixing native information with cloud information.

Most PaaS cloud suppliers are Salesforce, Home windows Azure, Google App Engine, and many others.

This is without doubt one of the most regularly requested cloud computing interview questions.

38. What are the next cloud computing key enabling applied sciences?

The important thing enabling applied sciences in Cloud Computing are given under:

  • Distributed Computing -Cluster, Grid Computing.
  • Web Applied sciences -Service Oriented Structure, Net 3.0, and many others.
  • {Hardware} Applied sciences – Virtualizations, Multi-core chips, and many others.
  • System Administration – Automatics Computing

Distributed Computing 

Distributed computing visualizes the concept of connecting a number of computer systems by way of laptop networks by utilizing a distributed system. These computer systems might be completely different and the identical and are situated globally additionally. Distribute Computing consists of varied components: grid, clusters, internet 2.0, and clouds. Clusters might be outlined as a number of servers grouped to supply computing companies to customers.

Service-Oriented Structure

Service-Oriented Structure might be outlined because the core improvement of cloud computing methods. It adopts the first constructing block of utility and system improvement. It’s an architectural method during which functions use companies obtainable within the community.SOA permits customers to mix many services from present companies to kind functions.SOA offers numerous functionalities for systematic design and integrates parts right into a clean centralized system.

Net Companies

An internet service is utility software program obtainable over the web and makes use of an ordinary messaging system.XML is used to encode all communications to an online service. Software program functions developed in numerous programming languages and working over numerous platforms use internet companies for intercommunication information alternate over networks.

39. What are the safety dangers in cloud computing?

Varied elements are chargeable for advantageous cloud computing, together with improved scalability, glorious accessibility, mobility, storage, and many others. Cloud Computing nonetheless has safety points and are given under:

Information Loss

Information Loss is a shared cloud computing threat. It’s given as information saved on the cloud is both leaked, deleted, corrupted, or misused by a consumer or utility. It primarily happens when important information is in anyone’s hand, the laborious disk isn’t working accurately, and the software program isn’t up to date.

Hacked Interfaces and Insecure APIs

Interfaces by way of which we are able to connect with the web for many cloud companies as APIs and interfaces are related to cloud companies by way of third events. Hackers can shortly assault them as they’re within the public area.

Information Breach

Information Breach is when secured information is retrieved illegally and unauthorizedly as hackers hack such a company’s information.

Enterprise lock-in

Varied points come up because of the switch of knowledge from one group to a different as there are completely different platforms for various firms. Therefore, it’s troublesome to maneuver from one cloud to a different.

Denial of Service Assaults

Denial of Service Assaults happens when the system receives site visitors past the brink to congest the server. DoS assaults often assault giant organizations’ internet servers like banking, media, and authorities firms. We should cope with time and money to get better from these assaults.

Elevated Complexity for IT employees

Shifting, integrating, and working cloud companies are complicated for IT employees, and IT employees should require additional functionality and expertise to handle, combine and preserve the information on the cloud.

Specter and Meltdown

It permits stealing information from computer systems which might be at the moment obtainable on it. It could actually run on private computer systems and numerous digital units. It could actually retailer the password, and your private data, resembling photos, emails, and enterprise paperwork, within the reminiscence.

Account Hijacking

It is without doubt one of the critical safety dangers in cloud computing. Hackers can steal delicate data concerning the cloud account, together with financial institution accounted-mail accounts and social media accounts, to carry out unlawful actions.

This is without doubt one of the most regularly requested cloud computing interview questions.

40. What’s AWS in Cloud Computing?

Amazon internet companies –AWS in cloud computing provides IT companies to prospects within the type of internet companies. With these companies, we are able to provide on-line demand software program to avail companies in line with to pay. We get a dependable, scalable, low-cost infrastructure platform within the cloud with lots of of companies worldwide. Amazon internet Service (AWS) may very well be a popular cloud companies platform created by Amazon Iraqi Nationwide Congress.

It’s safe and provides mighty cipher energy, content material supply, networking, data storage, and different functionalities.AWS was developed to serve enterprises and companies of all sizes to develop and scale shortly and affordably.AWS has grow to be the favored cloud service platform by a number of influential organizations – not the smallest quantity that embraces Pinterest, convention Baseball, and Normal Electrical. Over time, new choices are developed with numerous data engines, secret writing strategies, server configurations, and highly effective instruments for in depth information evaluation.AWS moreover provides safety certifications, {hardware} safety modules, and encoding so companies will handle their companies much more firmly.

As well as, AWS offers auditing and dominant capabilities like Cloud Watch, serving companies that meet compliance and restrictive requirements like HIPAA and PCI. Amazon provides versatile score selections for its cloud companies platform – that’s, customers pay only for what they use, and there aren’t any direct expenses or long-run plans. It’s thought-about in all the unique low value, environment friendly platforms provided and even provides a free tier of companies definitely companies.AWS’s huge cloud infrastructure permits customers to experiment and provoke.

AWS makes it simpler for firms to deploy new functions and scale up/down their workloads per their enterprise calls for. This cloud platform is platform agnostic, offering enterprises with the flexibleness to resolve on their improvement platform, instruments, and languages or to nonetheless leverage present investments. Customers might also select between the embarrassment of supplied companies and shopping for what they use. This ensures that customers and companies give attention to innovation as an alternative of infrastructure.

Different well-liked companies or options provided by AWS embrace: From SaaS choices to inner functions, customers have the selection to make use of dependable infrastructure to energy their functions.AWS incorporates a scalable infrastructure platform to satisfy a consumer’s dynamic internet hosting requirements. AWS provides low-cost storage companies that may allow customers to retailer information and backup options. AWS has created it doable to share and distribute content material merely and shortly with excessive information switch speeds and low working costs. Ranging from relative data to non-relational data companies to enterprise database options, customers will select between any of the scalable software program methods.

Because of its quantifiability and adaptableness, AWS could also be utilized by enterprises and companies of all sizes – from native mom-and-pop retailers to worldwide companies. A latest examine discovered that enterprise-scale customers contribute to AWS’s consumer base ten p.c. Amongst these, Netflix has been the foremost distinguished consumer of AWS, exploiting it since 2009. companies which have giant databases to handle and manipulate and United Nations businesses that want large-scale distribution of their companies will considerably revenue by exploiting AWS.

Nevertheless, smaller companies and startups might also revenue by both repeating their infrastructure straight into AWS, migrating to a cloud-based platform or slowly transferring particular person gadgets of the appliance or infrastructure into AWS to permit them insights into their utilization patterns and that of the score fashions best suits their utilization. With Amazon’s pay-as-you-go mannequin, startups and tiny to medium-sized companies will dip their toe into cloud computing to determine if it really works for them.

This is without doubt one of the most regularly requested cloud computing interview questions.

41. What’s the major step inside deploying a Cloud Computing providing?

The first step in deploying Cloud Computing is deciding on a suitable Cloud provider like AWS, Azure, or GCP. When you efficiently select the cloud provider, you want to {make to kind} AN account to log in and use that provider’s companies. Then, you want to choose a service like Amazon Elastic Cloud purpose (EC2) that you simply simply acquired to supply. That is simply an overview of the tactic of deploying Cloud Computing.

42. What’s huge information in cloud computing?

Large data is a excessive quantity {of knowledge of data of knowledge} with delicate data and information units that space unit maintain on on clusters. Cloud computing suppliers often make the most of a “software program as a service” mannequin to allow prospects to easily methodology data. Usually, a console that may take in specialised instructions and parameters is obtainable. Nevertheless, every thing may even be accomplished from the positioning’s interface. Some merchandise that space unit, typically part of this package deal, embody route methods, cloud-based digital machines and containers, identification administration methods, machine studying capabilities, and extra. In flip, colossal data is often generated by an enormous, network-based methods.

It might be in both a typical or non-standard format. If the knowledge is in a really non-standard format, computing from the Cloud Computing provider can be employed in machine studying to standardize the knowledge.

The knowledge could also be managed by way of the Cloud Computing platform and used identically. For instance, it might be searched, edited, and used for future insights. This cloud infrastructure permits the information processing of huge data. It is going to take Brobdingnagian “blasts” of knowledge from intensive methods and interpret them in a time.

One other typical relationship between large data and Cloud Computing is that the cloud’s capacity permits huge data analytics to happen in a really fraction of the time. Complete data & Cloud Computing: a really perfect match as you’ll be capable of see, their space unit infinite prospects we are likely to as soon as after we combine large data and Cloud Computing!

Cloud utility improvement is moreover burning by large data. Whereas not large data, there could be fewer cloud-based functions since there wouldn’t be an absolute necessity.

Keep in mind, large data is often collected by cloud-based functions, as properly! In brief, Cloud Computing companies, for essentially the most half, exist as a result of of monumental data. Likewise, we have a tendency to gather large data as a result of we’ve acquired companies that space unit able to taking it in and deciphering the two space unit as a really perfect match since neither would exist whereas not the opposite!

43. Which supply mannequin is an instance of cloud computing?

Cloud Computing means that you can retailer and entry data victimization the web. It offers 3 kinds of supply companies, specifically, laptop code as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (Paas), and Infrastructure as a Service (Iaas).

The cloud offers pay-as-you-go companies for networking, storage, and knowledge virtualization. SaaS: As SaaS, it offers laptop code that might be accessed by way of a third-party provider with the help of the web SaaS: As PaaS, the cloud provides {hardware} and laptop code instruments that might be used by way of the web Software program as a Service (SaaS) could also be considered an instance of a Cloud Computing supply mannequin. It’s a pc code distribution mannequin that allows suppliers to host diversified functions and offers customers with their entry on-line.

44. Which layer is guilty for consumer authentication in cloud computing?

The IaaS layer is guilty for consumer authentication in cloud computing. The IaaS layer is guilty for consumer authentication in cloud computing. IaaS may very well be a primarily user-based system guilty for authentication companies like accessing, managing, and watching.

45. What’s Load Balancing in Cloud Computing?

It’s the distribution of workloads throughout a number of computing assets. It reduces costs associated to administration methods and can enhance the handiness of assets. It has a bonus over completely different load equalization in that it’s going to switch plenty to servers globally as hostile distributing it throughout native servers. Within the occasion of an space server outage, cloud equalization delivers customers to the closest regional server.

46. What varieties of information are utilized in cloud computing?

This may occasionally sound like a easy query, however to reply it, an IT skilled has to indicate they’re updated with the most recent pattern in cloud computing. There are three varieties of information essential to work with the cloud to avoid wasting and retailer numerous information recordsdata. To begin with, you need the candidate to speak about unstructured information. Unstructured information is information that has an unknown or unclassified construction. You may classify all these file varieties as unstructured information, resembling photos, movies, textual content, and search engine outcomes. After unstructured information, a cloud computing professional ought to discuss structured information. One of these information is processed, accessed, and saved in a hard and fast format. An instance of structured information is contained in database administration methods. Lastly, we discover semi-structured information, a mixture of structured and unstructured information. A superb instance of one of these information is in XML format.

47. Are you able to identify among the most crucial cloud platform databases? 

Cloud computing is a quickly evolving know-how by way of velocity, scalability, and effectivity. That is primarily taking place due to open-source software program changing into an integral a part of the cloud. Simply to call a number of, your candidate must be accustomed to MongoDB, CouchDB, and LucidDB. The primary one, MongoDB, is written in C++, and it provides excessive storage capabilities. Additionally, this database system is schema-free and document-oriented. Alternatively, CouchDB is predicated on an Apache server and could be very environment friendly and dependable at its job (which is storing information). Lastly, we discover LucidDB, employed for information warehousing, and it’s written in Java/C++.

48. Identify the completely different service fashions supplied by cloud computing.

Once more, this query will check the cloud computing professional’s information of the various kinds of companies provided by cloud computing. There are three various kinds of service: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software program as a Service (SaaS). The primary one, Infrastructure as a Service, is a {hardware} facility supplied by a 3rd social gathering that additionally manages it. Platform as a Service consists of the working system layer and is operated by one other firm. Software program as a Service regards all functions and applications hosted within the cloud.

49. How can cloud computing assist our firm?

This is a crucial query, particularly for mid-size to huge firms which might be extra considering constructing a personal cloud than small companies which will go for the general public cloud. Apart from personal and public clouds, there are additionally neighborhood and hybrid cloud infrastructures. An organization might construct a personal cloud for use solely for its inner wants. It may be supervised by the corporate itself, one other enterprise, or each. Its bodily place could also be the place the corporate is situated or in a distant information middle.

A neighborhood cloud infrastructure goals to supply its companies to a restricted neighborhood of customers who’ve a shared curiosity of their companies. What in regards to the public cloud? Because the identify says, the general public cloud is assumed for use by the general public. A 3rd group can function it, and its location is located the place the cloud supplier’s information middle is. When merging two or extra cloud infrastructures, you create a hybrid cloud, although the completely different clouds hold distinct attributes. They’re referred to as hybrid as a result of they share the proprietary tech that permits information and app portability.

50. Why ought to an organization go for utility computing?

This complicated query requires a posh reply: due to utility computing, the end-user will solely must pay for the service on a per-use foundation. The consumer will be capable of enhance the variety of companies he makes use of to fulfill his wants. This method to cloud computing might be very remunerative for these companies that plan to scale and develop their product.

51. When transferring information to the cloud, what’s one of the simplest ways to make this operation secure?

By adopting a safe key, you’ll be able to guarantee there won’t be any information leaks from the cloud storage, whether or not they’re malicious or not. This motion will make intercepting your information inconceivable when it strikes into the cloud.

52. What do you perceive about cloud supply fashions?

There are 4 primary cloud supply fashions.

  • IaaS: Infrastructure as a Service is a supply mannequin the place the cloud manages all infrastructure-based assets like community, storage, servers, virtualization, and different assets like Working system, middleware, and runtime environments for the consumer’s utility, and the consumer manages information.
  • PaaS: Platform as a Service is a supply mannequin the place all platform-based assets like community, storage, servers, virtualization, working system, middleware, and runtime are managed by the cloud, and the appliance and information must be managed by the consumer.
  • SaaS: Software program as a Service is a supply mannequin the place all software-based assets like community, storage, servers, virtualization, working system, middleware, runtime, and the appliance are managed by the cloud. The consumer has to supply solely the information required for utilizing the appliance.
  • XaaS: This refers to every thing as a service, describing a generic class of varied companies like databases, servers, networks, and many others., that may be supplied as a cloud service.

53. What are cloud storage ranges?

Essentially the most generally seen cloud storage ranges are

  • Object storage: Information and its metadata are saved in object format. It’s the most versatile type of storage and can be used with internet functions.
  • File storage: Information is saved within the type of recordsdata and infrequently clubbed collectively as folders.
  • Block storage: information is saved within the type of blocks. It’s the lowest degree of storage and closest to the {hardware}.
  • Dataset storage: information is organized right into a structured kind like tables, report format, or delimited format

54. What do you imply by cloud-enabling applied sciences?

Cloud-enabling applied sciences assist a cloud in offering companies to customers. They aren’t the constructing blocks of cloud companies however present the platform by way of which companies are provisioned to cloud shoppers.

  • Broadband Networks and Web Structure
  • Information Heart Expertise
  • (Fashionable) Virtualization Expertise
  • Net Expertise
  • Multitenant Expertise

55. What do you imply by cloud utilization monitor?

A cloud utilization monitor is a light-weight, autonomous program located on a cloud that aids in monitoring assets and gathering and processing useful resource utilization information.

There are three commonplace agent-based implementations of the utilization monitor as follows.

  • Monitoring agent: chargeable for clear monitoring and evaluation of the information movement. It’s an event-driven program that resides on the present communication paths. It aids in measuring community site visitors and metrics.
  • Polling agent: chargeable for gathering cloud service utilization information by polling The assets. It additionally displays the useful resource standing and forwards utilization information to log databases for reporting and post-processing functions.
  • Useful resource agent: processing fashions that accumulate information utilizing event-driven interactions with assets. It aids in checking the utilization metrics based mostly on pre-defined, tangible occasions, like initiation, suspension, resumption, and scaling of assets.

56. What’s edge computing?

Edge computing is complementary to cloud computation. It’s a distributed computing paradigm that mixes cloud computing and information storage to unravel the latency points that plague the infrastructure. It’s a prevalent paradigm within the IoT state of affairs. Edge computing goals to govern the sting on the sting units resembling tabs, cell phones, laptops, gateways, and many others., to tackle among the provisioning and administration obligations of the cloud.

57. What’s an API gateway?

An API gateway is a administration service between the shopper and the backend companies and processes. It aids in simpler administration of the API companies obtainable resembling consumer authentication, fee limiting, and statistical evaluation.

58. What’s rate-limiting?

Price limiting is a method by which a community’s site visitors might be restricted by placing a cap on the frequency of a selected motion in a given timeframe. It could actually assist eradicate suspicious actions, particularly these attributable to bots on any community, by monitoring the IP deal with the place the request originated. It additionally protects towards cases of API overuse.

59. What do you imply by Containerized Information Facilities?

A containerized information middle, often known as a modular information middle, is a extremely moveable, self-contained information storage module with devoted provisions like air-con, dehumidifier, uninterruptible energy provide, and many others. It’s designed for portability and parallel utilization to construct giant information facilities.

60. What do you imply by Low-Density Information Facilities?

Low-density information facilities have a decrease density of knowledge servers by way of numbers. It’s utilized in use circumstances the place there’s a want for top efficiency. Growing the quantity or density of servers in such an information middle will result in outages as a consequence of energy and heating points. Thus optimizing the density of servers is crucial to reaching required high-performance targets.

61. What’s the distinction between conventional information facilities and the cloud? 

Conventional Information Heart Cloud Information Heart
Bodily current, on-premise, and tangible and accessible. Remotely situated, off-premise and intangible.
Companies pay capital expenditures for the acquisition of {hardware} and software program assets and operational expenditures like these for utilization, upkeep, and restore of assets. Companies pay solely the operational value for utilizing the assets getting used.
Administration and administration of the assets are the duty of personnel inside the enterprise. Administration and administrative obligations are the obligations of the cloud suppliers.
A number of challenges to scaling, like availability of assets and latency within the acquisition course of because of the procedures concerned Fully and virtually immediately scalable as per necessities.
Failure might result in lack of enterprise because the duty of downtime and restore of companies is completely on the enterprise, affecting the reliability of companies. A cloud service supplier is accountable and trusted to switch the assets as a consequence of its promise of reliability and availability.

62. What’s the benefit of utilizing Azure Content material Supply Community?

Azure Content material Supply Community, or Azure CDN, is a distant server cluster. It aids in delivering content material at geographically distinct places to customers with minimal transactions and networks for quick content material supply. A few of the salient benefits of the Azure CDN are as under:

  • Quicker efficiency ends in a greater consumer expertise.
  • No necessities for added {hardware} or/and software program assets. Requires solely configuration to arrange the CDN options.
  • Decreased load on the precise servers since information is shipped by way of the sting servers.
  • It’s a strong supply system requiring minimal upkeep
  • Extraordinarily straightforward to configure with no extra useful resource necessities.

63. What are the advantages of utilizing Visitors Supervisor in Azure? 

Microsoft Azure Visitors Supervisor is a element of the Azure cloud that aids the system by managing the distribution of consumer site visitors for numerous service endpoints within the system. These service endpoints could also be an online app, an Azure VM, and even an integrated cloud. It makes use of the DNS to use site visitors routing strategies to incoming shopper request site visitors to facilitate its traversal to essentially the most appropriate endpoints.

64. What are the completely different phases related to cloud structure?

There are 4 major phases related to cloud structure. They’re as follows:

  1. Launch Section: Right here, the important companies are initiated to get the system prepared for communication or app-building.
  2. Monitoring Section: That is the subsequent section, the place the launched companies are monitored and subsequently managed on consumer demand.
  3. Shutdown Section: On this section, the companies shut down within the order of least not too long ago used to most not too long ago used, and all of the system companies are closed.
  4. Cleanup Section: Right here, all of the companies and processes left from the shutdown section as a consequence of incorrect or defective shutdown are cleaned up.

65. What’s Amazon S3?

Amazon Easy Storage Service, additionally referred to as Amazon S3, is an object storage service provided by AWS. It’s extremely scalable and provides excessive information availability, safety, and efficiency. Information of any use case might be saved utilizing this construction, for instance, information lakes, cloud-native functions, and cell apps. It offers cost-effective storage courses with easy-to-use administration options that optimize prices, arrange information, and configure fine-tuned entry controls to fulfill particular enterprise necessities.

66. What’s Amazon Machine Picture?

An Amazon Machine Picture, or AMI, offers an occasion with the setup and environment-building data required to configure and launch an occasion in AWS. It’s a necessary a part of occasion creation, and a number of cases requiring the identical configuration might be instantiated utilizing the identical AMI. Customers can create customized AMIs for later utilization in AWS. An AMI consists of the next:

  • Configurations for all setup necessities for any system, together with assets like working system, utility server, and functions.
  • A selected quantity to occasion mapping within the type of a block system mapping to help in configuration throughout occasion launch.
  • Permissions concerning which AWS cases will be capable of entry a given AMI.

67. How is Geo Restriction in CloudFront useful?

Geo Restriction, often known as geo-blocking, is used to stop customers from a selected geographical location from accessing a useful resource in cloud structure on Cloudfront. There are two methods to make use of the restrictions set by geo Prohibit.

  1. CloudFront’s geographical restriction function restricts entry to recordsdata related to distribution on a rustic entry degree.
  2. Utilizing a third-party geolocation service restricts entry to recordsdata related to distribution on a finer granularity than the nation degree.

Conclusion

We hope this cloud computing interview questions article will assist you strengthen your cloud computing information base.

So, we wrap up our cloud computing interview questions right here. These cloud computing interview questions will assist you within the interview, All The Greatest!

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Ceaselessly Requested Questions

What are the 4 varieties of cloud computing?

There are 4 major varieties of cloud computing: personal clouds, public clouds, hybrid clouds, and multi-clouds. Additionally, there are three foremost varieties of cloud computing companies: Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platforms-as-a-Service (PaaS), and Software program-as-a-Service (SaaS).

What are the benefits of utilizing cloud computing?

There are a lot of advantages of cloud computing, a few of that are:

  • Storage of knowledge and backup services
  • Enhanced collaboration
  • Lowered {hardware} and software program upkeep value
  • Accessing cloud information by way of cell
  • Improved information safety and accessibility

Is Gmail IaaS or PaaS?

Gmail is a well-liked SaaS cell supplier, which is brief for Software program as a Service.

What’s PaaS vs. SaaS?

PaaS offers builders entry to the framework, software program, and instruments they should create apps and software program on-line. PaaS, which is regularly seen as a condensed type of IaaS, provides its customers larger entry to servers, storage, and networking, all of that are dealt with by a third-party supplier.

SaaS is essentially the most extensively used service inside the cloud surroundings. SaaS platforms make software program obtainable to prospects by way of the web, usually for a month-to-month subscription value. They’re usually ready-to-use and performance from a consumer’s browser, which permits enterprises to forgo any additional downloading or utility installations.

Is Amazon IaaS or PaaS?

Amazon’s cloud computing platform, AWS (Amazon Net Companies), is in depth and continually increasing. It combines infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and packaged software program as a service (SaaS) merchandise.

Is API SaaS or PaaS?

APIs are identified to be a definite subset of SaaS.

Is Azure IaaS or PaaS?

Microsoft’s Azure cloud computing platform offers Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). They’re crucial parts for growing, deploying, and managing functions hosted on Azure or some other cloud computing platform, together with Software program as a Service (SaaS).

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